Global warming is not a myth. On the other hand, it might not bring the same casualties as described. Our planet is alive and it had many different global warmings and ice ages. Indeed with our technological development, we managed to increase some processes. And yet the decisions that our politicians are taking to save the planet are way more ridiculous. As if all of them truly wanted to save our planet, they would have already acted. But they prefer wasting money in casinos or during their rest. You can also gamble, by joining the Bizzo Casino to win real money.
This year, several of the world’s leading agricultural regions from different parts of the world have recorded high-temperature records. Such records brought terrible consequences. The heat killed the crop, many new diseases appeared, etc. But the scientists found a great solution for that.
The Plant’s Immune System
The immune system of plants is not as complicated as that of animals and humans. When the plant feels the disaster they are able to produce special chemicals. This happens when the insect attacks the plant or bacterial or fungal infections. Many plants have salicylic acid to protect themselves. This substance has antibacterial functions. Moreover, the plant uses it as a signal to proceed to its immune self-defense.
The scientist found out that during hot weather, the plant does not use its acid to protect itself. And without the defensive system, the plant can die. This problem was well known for several decades. And only recently have scientists found the right solution.
Scientists have identified the CBP60g gene, which codes for a protein that controls the involvement of other genes in the salicylic acid pathway. The researchers were able to change the genome of the plants in such a way. They are making the plants produce more salicylic acid to protect them. They even managed to create plants that only produced defense chemicals when a pathogen was detected, saving energy and ensuring they didn’t slow down growth by creating unnecessary defenses.
The Main Experiment
The group scientist proceeded to the experiment. With many basic plant studies, scientists used Arabidopsis. This plant is like a biological rat, only a plant. The group tried to reproduce the results on rapeseed, which had shown pretty nice results before. The results were outstanding. Although there should be more different tests with different plants.
On the other hand, it is worth noting that scientists used bacteria to introduce new DNA into plants. And this can be an obstacle to the industrial use of crops in the fields. The reason is that they will be classified as GMOs. Future research could use gene-editing tools, which potentially avoid some of the regulatory and consumer issues.
Yet the experiment brought more questions than answers. It is still unknown why the immune system of plants stops working at high temperatures. As slowing down immunity at high temperatures may be an evolutionary feature. Though, nature never creates anything without any sense. So shutting down the immune system of the plant during the temperature changes might make some sense.
Also, the experiment showed that some plants have different immune defenses against heat. Yet, scientists have not found which one exactly. As the temperature rises caused by climate changes, it will affect plants in many ways. Our scientific world doesn’t give up on helping to protect plants. The innovations in this sphere lead to a better life with fewer pesticide uses and a more sustainable food supply.
Eventually, humanity can solve many problems with modern technologies. We can solve hunger, we can solve global warming and we can conquer space. Unfortunately, we spend more money on different wars instead of getting united and reaching our dreams.